Rose Types

Rose Types / Rose Classifications

The third largest plant family in the work is that of the Rose, or Rosaceae. Roses themselves are members of the genus Rosa, and depending on how a certain rose grows or what it looks like, is grouped into different classifications or types. Our site is designed to help give you information on the rose types in existence, and some specific types and species are listed in order to help expand your gardening knowledge and to help inspire you to grow some of the great varieties available. Roses are a great passion of many gardeners and cultivating and growing them can be a wonderfully satisfying profession or past-time.

Choosing Roses Based on Rose Type

Orange RoseRoses can be planted based on your geographical location, soil type, or chosen purely based on look or fragrance. But, some roses just will not thrive in certain areas, and educating yourself on rose types can help aid your decisions about what roses will best grow in your garden. Choose from the categories to your right under "Rose Type" to learn about the types / classifications and decide what ones you prefer and would enjoy cultivating.

Roses – History of our Modern Rose

In the year 1867 a rose hybridizer by the name of Jean-Baptiste Guillot, created the rose known as La France and along with it the class of Hybrid Tea. That was the inaugural moment of the age of modern rose growing. This new class had its origins in a Tea/Hybrid perpetual cross. In this age of modern roses, the most popular roses with the highest sales figures have been Grandiflora, Hybrid Tea and Floribundas.

The birth of the Hybrid Tea is shrouded in mystery and often people disseminate inaccurate information. Traditionally we have known that La France was the first Hybrid Tea. And as we said earlier, the year 1867 was the year officially regarded as the moment of inception of the modern era of roses. But in the nineteenth century, when classifying a new breed of roses, growers usually took the seed parent and ignored the pollen parent. There were a number of reasons for this practice, up to the 1860's all the crosses made were natural ones as deliberate crosses were unknown at that time. So usually the identity of the pollen parent could not be known. Also then people believed that the pollen parent did not have much influence over the cross being created. If the new breed of rose did have characteristics that differed from the seed parent then the word hybrid was used to denote this, as in Hybrid Tea or Hybrid Bourbon.

But recent investigations have revealed other information as a result many roses have had to be reclassified. Some roses previously known as Hybrid Perpetuals are being renamed Hybrid Tea, as the former came before the latter.

Krussman's Complete Book of Roses says that Brown's Superb Blush was the first Hybrid Tea that was released in 1815. Now the parents of this cross were Humes Blush Tea-scented China' and a Gallica whose characteristics were not recurrent or dominant. Later Hybrid Teas include:

• Duc de Choiseul, 1825
• 'Smith's Yellow', 1833
• 'Gloire de Dijon', 1853
• Victor Verdier, 1859